N.C. House bill would abolish ETJ by statute
by Anna Oakes
A bill introduced in the N.C. House of Representatives March 7 would ban extraterritorial jurisdiction by municipalities in the state.
An ETJ, authorized by the state since 1959, is a defined area in the county outside of city limits that is subject to a city's zoning regulations, including the type, density and location of land uses.
"Because citizens dwelling outside the corporate limits may not vote in an election for the officers of a city, town, village or other political subdivision, no city, town, village or other political subdivision in this state shall have or exercise any jurisdiction beyond its corporate limits," House Bill 264 states.
The legislation, if approved, would take effect Jan. 1, 2014.
The bill was referred to the House Committee on Government and, if favorable, it will then be referred to a House Judiciary subcommittee.
The bill is sponsored by Reps. Larry Pittman, Jon Hardister, Carl Ford and others. Pittman, Hardister and Ford are also sponsors of House Bill 79, which would put a state constitutional amendment before North Carolina voters that, if approved, would increase the percentage of votes needed to approve involuntary annexations from a simple majority to two-thirds and would ban municipal powers of extraterritorial jurisdiction statewide.
House Bill 79 has remained in the Committee on Government since Feb. 11.